The Government of Uzbekistan spends about 3.7% of GDP on the navy however has obtained a rising infusion of Foreign Military Financing and different security help funds since 1998. There are government-operated trams and buses working throughout the town. The automobile production is supported by the federal government and the Korean auto company Daewoo. In May 2007 UzDaewooAuto, the car maker, signed a strategic agreement with General Motors-Daewoo Auto and Technology .

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In 1993 Uzbekistan shifted again to the Latin script , which was modified in 1996 and is being taught in faculties since 2000. Educational institutions educate only the Latin notation. At the identical time, the Cyrillic notation is widespread among the older era. Even though the Cyrillic notation of Uzbek has now been abolished for official paperwork, it is nonetheless used by a variety of well-liked newspapers and websites whilst a number of TV channels duplicate the Latin notation with the Cyrillic one. Despite the predominance of Islam and its rich historical past within the country, the follow of the faith is way from monolithic.

For instance, the station Metro Kosmonavtov built in 1984 is decorated utilizing a space journey theme to recognise the achievements of mankind in area exploration and to commemorate the position of Vladimir Dzhanibekov, the Soviet cosmonaut of Uzbek origin. A statue of Vladimir Dzhanibekov stands near a station entrance. Internet Censorship exists in Uzbekistan and in October 2012 the federal government toughened web censorship by blocking access to proxy servers. Reporters Without Borders has named Uzbekistan’s government an «Enemy of the Internet» and authorities management over the internet has increased dramatically because the start of the Arab Spring.

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The number of Greeks in Tashkent has decreased from 35,000 in 1974 to about 12,000 in 2004. The majority of Meskhetian Turks left the nation after the pogroms in the Fergana valley in June 1989. There is a few controversy in regards to the proportion of the Tajik inhabitants. While official state numbers from Uzbekistan put the number at 5%, the number is alleged to be an understatement and according to unverifiable reviews, some Western students put the number as much as 20%–30%. The Uzbeks intermixed with Sarts, a Turko-Persian population of Central Asia.

The battle of Islamic tradition with various agendas of reform or secularisation all through the 20th century has left all kinds of Islamic practices in Central Asia. 96.three% are Sunni Muslim and rest secular or non-believers; 1% are Shias. Life expectancy in Uzbekistan is 66 years among men and 72 years among women. In the 1940s, the Crimean Tatars, together with the Volga Germans, Chechens, Pontic Greeks, Kumaks and plenty of other nationalities had been deported to Central Asia. Approximately one hundred,000 Crimean Tatars continue to live in Uzbekistan.

The government bought a stake in Turkey’s Koc in SamKochAvto, a producer of small buses and lorries. Afterward, it signed an agreement with Isuzu Motors of Japan to provide Isuzu buses and lorries.

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The Bukharan Jews have lived in Central Asia, principally in Uzbekistan, for 1000’s of years. There were ninety four,900 Jews in Uzbekistan in 1989 (about zero.5% of the population based on the 1989 census), however now, for the reason that dissolution of the Soviet Union, most Central Asian Jews left the region for the United States, Germany, or Israel.

The Tajik language is widespread in the cities of Bukhara and Samarkand due to their comparatively large population of ethnic Tajiks. Karakalpak, a Turkic language closer to Kazakh and spoken by half a million individuals, is spoken primarily in the Republic of Karakalpakstan and has an official standing on the territory. Before the 1920s, the written language of Uzbeks was called Turki and used the Nastaʿlīq script. In 1926 the Latin alphabet was launched and went by way of several revisions throughout the 1930s. Finally, in 1940, the Cyrillic alphabet was launched by Soviet authorities and was used till the autumn of Soviet Union.

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Tashkent, the nation’s capital and largest city, has a 3-line fast transit system in-built 1977, and expanded in 2001 after ten years’ independence from the Soviet Union. Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan are at present the only two countries in Central Asia with a subway system. It is promoted as one of many cleanest methods within the former Soviet Union.

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Today, the majority of Uzbeks are admixed and symbolize varying degrees of diversity. Uzbekistan has an ethnic Korean population that was forcibly relocated to the area by Stalin from the Soviet Far East in 1937–1938. There are additionally small teams of Armenians in Uzbekistan, mostly in Tashkent and Samarkand. The nation is 88% Muslim (principally Sunni, with a 5% Shi’a minority), 9% Eastern Orthodox and 3% other faiths. The U.S. State Department’s International Religious Freedom Report 2004 stories that 0.2% of the population are Buddhist .

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